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What Is Family Medicine?

Family medicine is a specialty that focuses on the overall health care of the individual and the family. It is also concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of ailments or diseases in patients encompassing all ages and sexes. Physicians who are trained with this specialty integrate biological, clinical, and behavioural sciences in providing continuity of care and complete health care. A broad range of trainings that include internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and geriatrics are needed to be studied in family medicine. Even though this specialty has a broad scope and practice, it is considered a defined discipline that assimilates a distinctive combination of biomedical, behavioral, and social sciences. Providing continuity of care, health maintenance, preventive services, and comprehensive medical care are some of the most essential duties of family medicine physicians as they are equipped with the unique combination of skills, knowledge, and attitude. Family medicine specialists are also best known as patient advocates, especially in health-related issues.

What Is Family Medicine?

Family medicine is essentially emphasizing the prevention and primary care of entire families, employing community resources and consultations as needed. With a diverse range of cognitive and methodological skills, coupled with coordination of care, family physicians are one of the best professionals to be comanaging with other health specialists.

Furthermore, family medicine is centered on the patient–physician relationship element process, wherein this relationship is respected, developed, fostered, and maintained. This is how this specialty in medicine stands out from all other medical specialties. Research has shown that better health outcomes at lower costs are achieved in countries giving emphasis on primary health care. Family physicians mainly specialize in primary care, which is the key to a more effective health care delivery system.

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What are the Common OTC drugs?

Over the counter (OTC) medications are drugs that can be bought at a pharmacy without the need for a physician’s prescription. These drugs are used to alleviate the symptoms of common illness that do not need medical attention. When used appropriately, OTC medications can help a person feel well without having to consult the doctor.

Common OTC Drugs

  • Pain Medication or Analgesics

One of the most common OTC drugs bought at the pharmacy is probably pain medications. Note, however, that not all pain medications are sold without prescription; stronger and more potent ones may need doctor’s prescription. There are 3 types of OTC analgesics: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), salicylates, and acetaminophen. In general, they are used for relief of muscle and joint pain, pain from wounds, as well as headaches.

  • Medications for Colds, Allergies, and Sinus

Antihistamines, or anti-allergy medication, are also considered to be among the popular OTC medications today. These drugs help in the treatment and management of hay fever, allergies, and allergy-related respiratory problems. Meanwhile, medications for cold and sinusitis help in the relief of sneezing, runny nose, sinusitis, chest congestion, and sore throat. More often than not, these medications are combinations of antihistamines and decongestants.

  • Cough Medicine

Cough medicines are another common OTC drugs. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, cough medicines are ineffective for children under the age of 6; thus, they are not recommended. They are available in two forms: dextromethorphan and guaifenesin. Dextromethorphan is a cough medicine that helps in controlling the cough; while, guaifenesin aids in the expectoration of the mucus in the chest. It is very important to note that with the use of guaifenesin, there may be more episodes of coughing initially. This is primarily because of its clearing out action wherein the mucus is being cleared out of the lungs and the bronchial tubes.

What are the Common OTC drugs?
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Veterinary Medicine as Profession

Animals are also must be given proper care and attention whether they are domestic or wild. As ordinary citizen who loves to have pets and animals in their homes, be sure to take care of them. Furthermore, if you want to be an expert of taking care of animals, you can get Veterinary medicine as your profession and it is a division of science that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease, injury and disorder of different animals. This type of profession is broadly practiced with or without expert supervision.

Veterinary Medicine as Profession

Whether these animals are livestock or working animals and pets, they are essential to individuals and society. That why, there is a need of veterinary medicine professionals to offer and provide animal health care. Veterinarians are not only just taking care of animals, they can do different jobs such as making sure the country’s food supply is safe and harmless, regulate and control the spread of animal infection and virus, help conducts research and the forefront of protecting public health and welfare.

Besides its medical skill, vet often takes a universal approach of human and animal benefit that is joint with communication and problem-solving abilities and provide care for companion animals and they are also involve in promoting health of farm animal, working animals, exotic animals and those animals that need help whether that environment is a desert, ocean or rain forest.

Veterinary Medicine as Profession

Having a veterinary career is not easy. You must play an important role in preserving the bond of human and animals. Some works with small animals in privately owned vet practices. Some works in animal shelter and animal protection organizations and some are engaged in research, education, technical support and sales. Others find their job as a regulatory agent that is responsible for controlling livestock illnesses and diseases and ensuring that it will not spread and affect public health.

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Understanding More about General Practice Medicine

When we are to talk about health and medicine, the scope is quite broad that we have to continuously learn about it. For instance, if we are to talk about medical practitioners, we are aware that there are several of them and each has its own specialization. There are medical practitioners who specialize in internal medicine, and some are dealing with individuals with mental disorders and the likes. In addition, there are some who practice an area of medicine that is called general practice medicine. So what is a general practice medicine? Let’s learn more about it as we go on.

Understanding More about General Practice Medicine

General practice medicine is an area of medicine that doesn’t deal only with a specific type of disease or treatment. It also deals with both chronic and acute diseases. It is the first form of contact with the health care system, without any limitation on the treatment that needs to be given and regardless of a patient’s gender, sex, or any other characteristic. General medicine, also called family medicine, is performed by general practitioners. These practitioners exercise their professions by promoting health, providing cure and health, preventing diseases, and promoting self-empowerment.

Most of the time, such treatment is being applied through the help of other medical professionals and with the use of resources that are available in the area, depending on the need of every patient. General practitioners are said to be using a somewhat holistic approach because they also deal with physical, psychological, and social factors, which they believe could cure whatever illness one is experiencing.

Understanding More about General Practice Medicine

Reading more about general practice medicine would bring a lot of understanding to those who really don’t have an idea what it is. Health and medicine are a big part of each and every one of us, so we must find some time to understand what they are about and how they affect us.

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Types of Preventive Health Care

Preventive healthcare focuses on the prevention of diseases, usually involving lifestyle, instead of looking for the cure. There are three methods of preventing existing illnesses: primary, secondary, and tertiary. All of which will be discussed below.

Types of Preventive Health Care

Primary Prevention

Primary disease prevention is considered to be the most cost-effective way of preventive health care. Its main target is the community as a whole. Examples of this type include immunizations and health teaching in HIV prevention.

Types of Preventive Health Care

The main goal for primary disease prevention is to prevent the community from suffering and to avoid the cost and burden brought by the disease. In order to do this, health care workers must intervene before the disease occurs.

Secondary Prevention

Secondary disease prevention is a type of preventive health care aimed for those who are at risk for contracting the disease, but have not yet been diagnosed or have not yet experienced the manifestations of the disease. Its main goal is the identification of people at risk and treating the disease as early as possible to prevent advancement and complications. Examples of this are screening tests and early diagnosis (especially in cases of cancer).

Health care institutions usually advise screening tests most especially to people who are aging, as well as those who have unhealthy lifestyle. It is important to note that early detection of the disease has good prognosis than those that are detected late.

Tertiary Prevention

Tertiary disease prevention is performed when primary prevention has failed and secondary prevention measures are exhausted. This type of preventive health care involves care measures that will help the patient fight the illness. At this point, care is aimed at minimizing the bad impacts of the disease, restoring the body’s function, as well as preventing fatal complications.

Types of Preventive Health Care

What is done in tertiary prevention is ensuring that follow-ups are done and the monitoring of medications prescribed to ensure that the patient is compliant to them.

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The Difference of Holistic Medicine among Other Medical Practices

When we are to talk about holistic medicine, we mean a health care approach that doesn’t only focus on one aspect. Instead, the approach comprises all the aspects of an individual in order for him to attain the optimum level of wellness. It includes the totality of a person, that is, his physical, mental, social, environmental, and spiritual aspects. Holistic medicine basically promotes almost all treatments and diagnosis to achieve balance in one’s totality. It sustains the accountability of educating oneself to achieve optimum level of wellness.

Holistic Medicine and Alternative Medicine

Holistic medicine is often than not being associated with alternative medicine. However, by definition, alternative medicine means a medical approach that is not being accepted and practiced by conventional medical practitioners. This kind of healing process is said to be lacking in evidence, unscientific, and untested. Mostly, this kind of medical approach doesn’t have any pharmaceutical value, like Reiki, herbalism, acupuncture, and the likes.

The difference between the two approaches is that in holistic medicine, practitioners believe that the treatment should not only be limited to curing the physical body and its parts, but rather it should include curing the totality of body, both physical and spiritual, while in alternative medicine practitioners apply treatment specifically on a body part that needs to be treated.

The Difference of Holistic Medicine among Other Medical Practices

Holistic Medicine and Conventional Medicine

While holistic medicine believes that the definition of health is achievement of the optimum level of wellness by making sure that there are no imbalances in the spiritual, physical, emotional, and mental conditions of an individual, conventional medicine, on the other hand, defines health as absence of diseases.

The Difference of Holistic Medicine among Other Medical Practices

Basing on the definition, we can really see that the two have opposite approaches in dealing with a person’s condition. The holistic medicine approach is based on manifestations of imbalances as they promote a quality way of living. While in conventional medicine, people oftentimes seek medical attention only when there is already presence of a disease. When there is none, conventional medicine doesn’t apply.

As we can observe, there are great differences between holistic medicine and conventional medicine both in their treatment and diagnosis. Most of such differences are basically scientific.

The Difference of Holistic Medicine among Other Medical Practices

People from all different walks of life have their own choices of what medical practice they want to seek. Whether holistic medicine, conventional medicine, or alternative medicine, it doesn’t matter so long as it could provide them the treatment they want to achieve.

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The Advantages of Undergoing Psychological Test

A psychological test is not just like any other test that we commonly take. This kind of test is used for evaluating and assessing an individual. There are various kinds of psychological test. There are those that assess one’s intellectual level, and there is also a test that measures one’s skill level or what they call aptitude test.

Most often than not, when a person is to apply for a job or take an entrance exam to school, psychological tests are part of it. This is for the reason that psychological examinations are more reliable compared to mere interviews. Here are some of the advantages of undergoing psychological tests.

Awareness on Your Weakness and Strengths

When a person is to take a psychological test, he will be aware of his weaknesses and strengths. One will learn what field he is good at so he can try to enhance it. On the other hand, one can also figure out his weakness so he can try to work on it.

Limitation on Dealing with the Wrong Information

In companies, psychological tests are a great advantage because through this, they can gain lots of information about their applicants and employees. Most companies these days once in a while administer psychological test to their staff in order to assess every one without fear of getting lied to because the examinee doesn’t have any idea if his answer would be favorable to him or not. In this way, biases could also be prevented.

The Advantages of Undergoing Psychological Test

Problem Solving, Education, and Development

Psychologists use psychological test in order to gather information and to assess the level of development of a person in a specific area. It measures one’s level of cognitive development and skills. Also, psychological tests are a way of solving problems. By taking these tests, one could have a clear picture of himself and what his weaknesses and strengths are. Psychological tests are also a way for psychologists to educate an individual on how to understand things and how to cope up with them.

The Advantages of Undergoing Psychological Test

These tests are indeed helpful in many aspects. In fact, there are now countless number of psychological tests that are being spread online, but not all could provide helpful results because such examinations should be interpreted by psychologists. Those tests that we can take online are somewhat made for the purpose of entertainment.

There are still other advantages of undergoing psychological tests, and you can try to make some research to gain additional knowledge.

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Teaching Kids about Health

Health education is very important in teaching clients how to be optimally healthy and well. It can cover a wide range of topics from nutrition, hygiene, dental care, and so on. Health education is not only limited in health care settings, but it can also be done in a classroom full of kids. Although kids may be tough to teach, but if you know how to get their attention, health teaching may be possible.

Teaching Kids about Health

How to Teach Kids about Health & Wellness

  • Tell your kids how important health is. Explain to them the relationship between personal health and healthy behavior. You may start by introducing issues on physical, emotional, and mental health. Note that when discussing these to your kids, use words that are appropriate for their age to aid in better understanding. Explain the importance of healthy behaviors, such as eating vegetables, to the overall health and wellbeing.
  • When it comes to kids, it is very important that you walk your talk for them to copy your behavior. Display healthy behaviors especially when they are around. Avoid unhealthy habits such as drinking alcohol and smoking. As much as possible display behaviors like exercising, frequent hand washing, and consuming nutritious foods.
  • Practice positive reinforcement by rewarding your kids when they engage in healthy behaviors. More often than not, children want to be praised. Praise them when they do something good and healthy; this will encourage them to do the behavior again.
  • Teach your kids about the basics such as the food pyramid and the difference between healthy and unhealthy foods. As much as possible, provide a hands-on learning experience with visual aids. Most kids are haptic and visual learners; thus, as much as possible use bright colors. You can do this by encouraging them to assist in the preparation of healthy meals, as well as the daily meal plans.
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STD Medications and their Side Effects

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are prevalent in today’s generation primarily because many of us have multiple sexual partners and do not make use of barrier contraception such as condoms. Some of the common forms of STD are chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, and HIV/AIDS. With the exception of HIV/AIDS, these are all treatable with medications depending on the type. The most important thing to teach clients with STD regarding their drug therapy is their side effects.

Side Effects of STD medications

  • Medications for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea

The medications used to treat chlamydia and gonorrhea is antibiotics. For the treatment of chlamydia, azithromycin, doxycycline, and erythromycin are commonly used. Meanwhile, for the treatment of gonorrhea, ceftriaxone and cefixime are usually prescribed by the doctors. Common side effects of these medications are nausea and vomiting. This is primarily the reason why it is advisable that one must take them before eating. With the drug, erythromycin, there is an increased risk of cardiac death. It is also advisable that you inform your doctor about any other medications that you are taking first because they might have drug-to-drug interaction with erythromycin.

STD Medications and their Side Effects
  • Medications for Herpes

It is very important to note that there is no known cure for herpes; however, there are some medications that help in alleviating the symptoms associated with this disease condition. Doctors usually prescribe antiviral medications for herpes to inhibit the growth of the virus known as the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Antivirals prescribed by physicians include acyclovir, famciclovir, or valacyclovir; all of these help in the reduction of the length and the decrease of the degree of outbreak among those who are infected. The general side effects of these medications include abdominal pain, decrease in appetite, diarrhea, headaches, lightheadedness, joint pain, nausea, and vomiting. There are some instances, however, that they can cause constipation and even kidney problems. If kidney problems occur, consult your physician.

STD Medications and their Side Effects
  • Medications for HIV/AIDS

As we all know, there is no cure for HIV/AIDS. Medications used for this debilitating disease are meant for slowing the progression of the disease process; thus, prolonging their life. HIV/AIDS, like cancer, is treated with the use of different medications. Some of these medications are used to treat the infection directly, while some are used to minimize the side effects. Doctors may prescribe medications that are used for the treatment of infections that are caused by the immune system being weakened. Most common side effects are difficulty in breathing, pneumonia, chills, fever, nausea, diarrhea, hypotension, and hematuria.

STD Medications and their Side Effects
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Psychiatric Drugs & Their Side Effects

Psychiatric medicines, otherwise known as psychiatric drugs, are medications that help people suffering with mental illness get through everyday life. Some of them help in alleviating depression, mania, and other mental disorders. These drugs are highly effective and really potent that some of them can be very addictive when taken at long periods of time. Aside from that, they have small margin of error in which incorrect dosage can lead to under-dose or over-dose. In fact, even when given in therapeutic dosage, side effects can be experienced.

Side Effects of Psychiatric Drugs

  • Antidepressants

Antidepressants, obviously, help treat depression. But, aside from that, it also helps in the management of eating disorders and borderline personality disorder. There are actually different types of antidepressants according to their mechanism of action: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI), and tricyclic antidepressants (TCA). Side effects that are common among the types are decreased libido, headache, muscle pain, joint pain, rashes, nausea, weight loss or weight gain, diarrhea, drowsiness, and loss of coordination.

Psychiatric Drugs & Their Side Effects
  • Stimulants
Psychiatric Drugs & Their Side Effects

Stimulants are psychiatric drugs that help in treating disorders such as attention deficit disorder and narcolepsy. Aside from that, they are used to suppress appetite. Their side effects are loss of appetite, jittery feeling, GI upset, headache, difficulty in sleeping, changes in blood glucose levels, irritability, tics, increased blood pressure, paranoia, seizures, anxiety and, even, death.

  • Mood Stabilizers

Psychiatric drugs called mood stabilizers are used in the treatment and management of bipolar and schizoaffective disorders. Their common side effects include cardiac arrhythmias, hair loss, sedation, weight gain, tremor, muscle weakness, lethargy, indigestion, hair loss, bruising, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. It can also cause kidney damage and renal failure; which is why it is very important for kidney function to be monitored when one is on this therapy.

  • Anti-psychotic Medications

Anti-psychotics are used in the management of psychosis, bipolar manias, and schizophrenia. Common side effects include loss of coordination, dry mouth, pseudo-parkinsonism, tardive dyskinesia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, sexual dysfunction, breast growth, weight gain, and drowsiness. Among those side effects, neuroleptic malignant syndrome is the most fatal as it can cause death of the patient.

  • Anxiolytic or Depressants

Anxiolytic and depressants, sometimes known as anti-anxiety drugs, help in managing anxiety; especially during severe and panic states of anxiety. Depressants, in general, are used as sedatives, anesthetics, and hypnotics. Their side effects include memory problems, drowsiness, pupil dilatation, slow reaction to time, loss of balance, and loss of coordination.