Family medicine is a specialty that focuses on the overall health care of the individual and the family. It is also concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of ailments or diseases in patients encompassing all ages and sexes. Physicians who are trained with this specialty integrate biological, clinical, and behavioural sciences in providing continuity of care and complete health care. A broad range of trainings that include internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and geriatrics are needed to be studied in family medicine. Even though this specialty has a broad scope and practice, it is considered a defined discipline that assimilates a distinctive combination of biomedical, behavioral, and social sciences. Providing continuity of care, health maintenance, preventive services, and comprehensive medical care are some of the most essential duties of family medicine physicians as they are equipped with the unique combination of skills, knowledge, and attitude. Family medicine specialists are also best known as patient advocates, especially in health-related issues.
Family medicine is essentially emphasizing the prevention and primary care of entire families, employing community resources and consultations as needed. With a diverse range of cognitive and methodological skills, coupled with coordination of care, family physicians are one of the best professionals to be comanaging with other health specialists.
Furthermore, family medicine is centered on the patient–physician relationship element process, wherein this relationship is respected, developed, fostered, and maintained. This is how this specialty in medicine stands out from all other medical specialties. Research has shown that better health outcomes at lower costs are achieved in countries giving emphasis on primary health care. Family physicians mainly specialize in primary care, which is the key to a more effective health care delivery system.